Subject Matter Expert (SME)

[suhb-jikt mat-er ek-spurt]

Definition of Subject Matter Expert (SME)

Somebody with specialized knowledge or talent that is needed by the Team; this includes SMEs on the product, the environment, development practices, and so on. The term usually refers to SMEs that are ‘outside’ the Team, but not always.


The Product Owner and other Team Members should be in frequent contact throughout the Sprint with both Stakeholders and Subject Matter Experts, and know what they are worried about.

The primary role on a Scrum Team is that of a Team Member, and there are five other roles for people involved in Scrum: two that are on the Team (Product Owner and ScrumMaster), and three that surround the Team (Business Owner, Stakeholder, and Subject Matter Expert).

Cite This Term

"Subject Matter Expert (SME)" Accessed Jun 17, 2024.